Home » Big Business in China: Sino-Foreign Rivalry in the Cigarette Industry, 1890-1930 by Sherman Cochran
Big Business in China: Sino-Foreign Rivalry in the Cigarette Industry, 1890-1930 Sherman Cochran

Big Business in China: Sino-Foreign Rivalry in the Cigarette Industry, 1890-1930

Sherman Cochran

Published July 17th 1980
ISBN : 9780674072626
Hardcover
342 pages
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 About the Book 

This is the first major study in Chinese business history based largely on businesss own records. It focuses on the battle for the cigarette market in early twentieth-century China between the British-American Tobacco Company, based in New York andMoreThis is the first major study in Chinese business history based largely on businesss own records. It focuses on the battle for the cigarette market in early twentieth-century China between the British-American Tobacco Company, based in New York and London, and its leading Chinese rival, Nanyang Brothers Tobacco Company, whose headquarters were in Hong Kong and Shanghai.From its founding in 1902, the British-American Tobacco Company maintained a lucrative monopoly of the market until 1915, when Nanyang entered China and extended tis operations into the countrys major markets despite the use of aggressive tactics against it. Both companies grew rapidly during the 1920s, and competition between them reached its peak, but by 1930 Nanyang weakened, bringing an end to serious commercial rivalry. Though less competitive, both companies continued to trade in China until their Sino-foreign rivalry ended altogether with the founding of the Peoples Republic in 1949.Debate over international commercial rivalries has often been conducted broadly in terms of imperialist exploitation and economic nationalism. This study shows the usefulness and limitations of these terms for historical purposes and contributes to the separate but related debate over the significance of entrepreneurial innovation in Chinese economic history. By analyzing the foreign Chinese companies business practices and by describing their involvement in diplomatic incidents, boycotts, strikes, student protests, relations with peasant tobacco growers, dealings with the Kuomintang and Chinese Communist Party, and a host of other activities, the author brings to light the roles that big businesses played not only in Chinas economy but also in its politics, society, and foreign affairs.